Smart City Index
The Smart City Index - commissioned by EasyPark - aims to highlight those metropolises on the forefront of smart urban growth, as well as learn from those cities which are showing impressive acceleration towards making life smoother for their citizens through digitalization.
Defining factors of a smart city
We discovered that such a city should be digitalized first and foremost—with 4G, plentiful Wi-Fi hotspots and high smartphone usage. Transport and mobility should be knowledge-based, with smart parking, traffic sensors, and car sharing apps. A smart city is sustainable, with a focus on clean energy and environmental projection. In addition, there is excellent online access to governmental services and a high level of citizen participation.
We then analyzed over 500 cities worldwide for all of these factors and ranked the top 100 to determine the ultimate Smart City Index. To round off the study, we asked over 20,000 technology and urban planning journalists for their expert opinion on how the cities where they’ve lived are moving with the curve of digitalization.
“Big Data has changed the face of the world as we know it, because it allows us to create better solutions to real world problems. Without better solutions, global urbanization would lead to problems such as traffic congestion, housing shortages and pollution—by using Big Data, we can help tackle these important global issues. In our case, we target mobility and help reduce the footprint of driving traffic while creating a much more welcoming experience for drivers.” commented Mauritz Börjeson, CBDO of EasyPark Group.
Every city in the final index should be praised for their efforts as it showcases not only those cities which are at the forefront of smart urban growth but also those which are making impressive strides towards a digitalized infrastructure. Therefore, cities at the bottom of the ranking should not be interpreted as ‘not smart’, but rather that they are newly emerging smart cities with room to grow and improve.
Transport and Mobility
Car Sharing Services
Digitalization of Goverment
How the City is Becoming Smarter
Each factor is scored from 1 – 10, the higher the score, the better. Below you can find a description of how each factor was researched.
- Percentage of people owning cars (city). Source: local census reports, Eurostat NUTS 2 statistical level data
- Number of parking spaces in city center per klm2
- Smartphone penetration. Sources: local reports, online databases
- Availability of parking apps and usage penetration
Car Sharing Services
- Estimation of the car sharing industry fleet (number of cars) in the city with respect to the city’s population. Sources: local reports, official sites of car2Go, GoGet, Zipcar, DriveNow, Communauto, Car4away, Autonapůl, LetsGo, GreenMobility, Autolib’, GoCar, Enjoy, XXImo, Bluemove, Sunfleet, Mobility Carsharing and Flinkster.
- Population data from Google
- Levels of congestion. Sources:TomTom Traffic index, INRIX traffic scorecard (adjusted to TomTom), Google traffic (adjusted to TomTom).
- Public transport satisfaction percentage. Sources: local reports, European Commission report
- Percentage of electricity production from renewable sources. Source: International Energy Statistics report
- Research centers: Investment to research and development (percentage of GDP). Source: Global Innovation Index 2017 (report)
- Efficiency of buildings: GDP per unit of energy use. Source: Global Innovation Index 2017 (report)
- Percentage of waste landfilled. Sources: local reports, United Nations
- Green House Gases emission per capita. Source: United Nations
- CO2 Emissions per capita. Source: United Nations.
- Adjusted to population. Source: Population data from Google.
- Election turnout for parliament (for Hong Kong latest local elections), percentage. Source: International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance. Where no parliament exists, local elections participation rate was used.
Digitalization of Government
- Digital Infrastructure Rank. Source: Digital City Index (supported by the European Commision)
- Traffic of local government sites as a percentage of the population.
- Rank according to percentage of green public areas in the city. Source: Data from city records and satellite data (Google)
- PCs per 1000 population. Source: Online databases and local reports.
- Information technologies development index (Measuring the Information Society Report). Source: International Telecommunications Union
- Number of universities the country has in the top university list, country level. Source: World University Rankings 2016
- Number of universities in the top 10 list, city level. Source: World University Rankings 2016
- Number of students in top 3 universities from the list, city level. Source: World University Rankings 2016
- Adjusted to city population, country population (data from Google)
- Source: Global Innovation Index
- Number of startups as registered on Angel.co
- Adjusted to population (Google)
- Mbs, Speed Test Global Index (mobile). Source: Online Speed Test
- Download Mbs, Speed Test Global Index (fixed broadband). Source: Online Speed Test Global Index
- Download Mbs, Source: Ookla
- Download Mbs, Source: Publicly available data from the Digital City Index
- Free Wi-Fi hotspots (estimate) Sources: Online Wi-Fi databases
- Adjusted to the city area (from Google).
- Smartphone penetration (country). Source: local reports, online databases
- Average sum spent on (Fast food, Restaurant, Clothes, Rent, Transportation). Source: Expanistan
- Average Net Salary. Source: Average salary survey data
- Adjusted to the GDP per capita levels. Source: World Bank Data
- 20,000 technology and urban planning journalists were asked to rate how smart each city was. Source: poll, only on top 100 cities.